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39
laced a ainst each district the number of ersons er s uare mile
P . .g . . P P Cl
4 inhabiting 1t. Th1s table showed that when the population passed
the limit of 400 to a square mile the death-rate increased with the
density.*
Death Rates per 1,000 Persons to a square mile.
per annum. (England & VVales, 1892, about 500.)
Q 14 and under 15 253
§ 15 ,, 16 200
‘ 16 ,, 17 258
17 ,, 18 211
18 ,, IQ 194
19 ,, 2O 217
20 ,, 21 458
4 21 ,, 22 677
4 22 ,, 23 1,301
1 23 ,, q 24 1,819
4 24 ,, 25 2,166
25 ,, 26 2,819
= 26 ,, 27 2,944
4 27 ,, 28 6,144
The structural defects are at least equal in rural and urban dis-
4 tricts, whilst in favor of the thickly populated districts we have the
,4 generally better water supply and sanitary supervision, as well as
the more prompt and skilful medical and surgical attendance. It is
7 true that unhealthiness of occupation is practically an accompani-
ment of overcrowding on area, and so cannot be allowed for.
The evil influence of crowding dwellings on area is clearly
7, shown by the following table, which deals with a part of Salford.
On this area persons were living to the number of 77,000 to the
7 square mile. All the houses were inhabited by the poorer laboring
classes, and therefore were probably equally bad in structure and
4 equally overcrowded as regards the rooms. The area is, however,
divided into three districts according to the number of back-to-back
houses on each.
“_‘ e‘>‘ ‘"‘"‘ï‘ " 1 **;*1* 0 "
l Average DEATH RATEs mom i
4 Proportion 4 ___? Zymotic
1 of Population. 4 _ Death
Ba°k‘t°‘b”°k AH i Phthisis E Regiilziiior Diwrrlioea Ram'
Houses. Causes. 4 ` Digeasêsly ‘ ` 7
l ‘ _4~'_H__ 1
l. 0 8,713 27·5 2·8 l 6·6 1·4 4·5 «
II. 23 11,749 29·2 4 2·3 l 7·8 I 1·6 4·8
. III. 56 11,405 39·5 4 3·6 l 7·9 2·1 6·2 l
_­__.___..“.m@­%4 J? 4
= I England and Wales 2I’3 I 1·83 I 3·55 4 0·66 2‘34 4
n l _ f
* Hygzmz amd Puálzb Hm/J/z, B, A. Whitelegge (Cassell Co. ; 1899), pp. 509-512.
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