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, working man can appreciate the advantage of an additional room,
but he does not so easily recognize the desirability of large rooms ,
over small ones if they cost him an additional shilling or two a week. ‘
The cottages belonging to a local authority should be the best of y
I their kind; but with rooms of the size recommended by the Local
Government Board it would be exceedingly difficult to provide a
workable scheme. r
Another clause in the same memorandum requires that "under i
no circumstances should the stairs rise directly from the kitchen or I
scullery." This, again, is sound in theory and desirable in practice
where a properly lighted and ventilated lobby or passage can be pro- I
3 vided. If, however, compliance with the letter of the recommenda-
l tion results in ignoring its spirit, there is no gain in the end. If, for
instance, one or more of the living rooms are reduced in size to pro- ·
I; vide the necessary passage-way or lobby at the foot of the stairs, and ,
l from its position the passage is dark and ill-ventilated-which often ’
l happens-­it might be more desirable to omit the same provided the
ë staircase were shut olf by a door at the foot and ventilated by its own ‘,
· window. If the space at disposal is limited, the fewer partitions and E
g narrow passages the better. Passages almost invariably add to the
X cost per cottage and the width of frontage, and consequently reduce
, the number of cottages possible upon any given frontage.
{ It is unfortunate that the Board do not allow more liberty to local
authorities in cases when considerable difference of opinion exists on
points of detail. In at least one instance the Board have given their ·
1 sanction to the loan on condition that dust­shoots are provided from
ii the upper floors of the tenements. These dust­shoots are apt to be- ai
come very foul and offensive, and by many persons sanitary dust-bins
ti are considered decidedly preferable. ‘
V It would appear that the Local Government Board memorandum .
is nothing more than an expression of opinion, and that the Board
do not insist upon the adoption of their own recommendations. As I
lg they stand, however, they are somewhat misleading and calculated
il to place unnecessary difïiculties in the way of the local authority
which is endeavoring to carry out the provisions of the Act. S ‘
Local Government Board Model Bye­1aws. Q
The Local Government Board further require that the houses
shall be erected in conformity with their Model Bye­laws. These .
Bye­laws have been adopted in most towns; but in many places,
_ especially rural districts, the Building Bye-laws, if any exist, are of a ·
less stringent type. In such districts the local authorities iind them- I
selves handicapped by having to build in conformity with regulations i
from which the private speculator is free, such as extra thickness of I
walls, concrete over the whole site of building, &c In this instance J,.
also the Board have acted wisely in insisting upon conformity with A
the more modern and in many respects improved Bye-laws. The g
lf remedy lies in the hands of the local authorities, who will naturally
be at a disadvantage so long as they allow private persons to build E
more cheaply than they are at liberty to do themselves _; at the
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