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BY CoUNc1LLoR H. C. LANDER, A.R.1.B.A., of Tunbridge Wells. _
ï Acquisition of Land.
THE attempt of an Authority to acquire land for the erection of
working­class dwellings is frequently met by a combination or mutual
F understanding on the part of owners in the neighborhood to abstain
from selling to the authority, or to part with such land only at a
W price considerably in advance of its value.
Q The advantages of a good site cannot be over­estimated. ; but, in
, the event of owners being«unwi11ing to sell, the machinery necessary
g for the acquisition of the required land by compulsory powers needs
f simplifying, as the additional expenses incurred in obtaining and
enforcing compulsory powers might seriously affect the utility of the
T scheme.
ï _ The consciousness on the part of landowners that the authority
l under the Act can only enforce a sale at some disadvantage to the
scheme has emboldened them to inflict various undesirable conditions
lt which would not have been insisted upon in the case of aprivate pur-
' chaser, such as requiring the erection of a high wall or close fence
around the site, so that the municipal cottages might not become a
, _ nuisance to the surrounding property.
Local Government Board Memorandum.
t The Local Government Board have prepared a memorandum
, with respect to the provision and arrangement of dwellings, when
, these are provided either by the local authorities themselves, or by
other persons under grants, leases, or contracts to which the local
.` authorities are party. In this memorandum the Board have sum-
marized their views upon the more important of the principles so far ‘
. as they are applicable to the erection of (ez) Separate houses or cot-
` tages; (b) Buildings arranged in blocks; and (c) Lodging Houses.
’ One important recommendation under class (ez) is that the living room
should have a floor­area of some zoo square feet. A large floor­area i
, is without doubt most desirable from a sanitary point of view, and A
Z the Local Government Board have done well to indicate to the local ,
authorities that they should not confine themselves to the reproduc- l
tion of existing types of cottages ; at the same time it must be borne `
. in mind that the size specified by the Board is far in excess of the f~
accommodation usually given in modern cottage property. Unless _
p` the municipal cottages are to become a charge upoii the rates, the T
p local authority must enter into competition with the owners of pri g
. vate cottage property, and they are compelled to provide a cottage jj
ë which to some extent will meet the demand unless they are prepared
to run the risk of having their cottages stand empty. The average fi
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