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l
lï AND THE OUTBREAK OF WAR. 45
, hoped and believed that Russia would give
; way, as she had done in 1909, but if she did l
not do so they had committed themselves .
i so far that no retreat was possible. They T
_ must have been prepared for and have ac- .
' cepted the possibility that this would happen. j
The Chancellor, the Emperor, and the whole
V of the German Government are equally re-
i sponsible for all that ensued. They cannot
_ free themselves from this responsibility by ‘
j anything that happened later. If the Chan-
Y cellor did not approve of this policy, the only ‘
course for him was to resign, and this he did
not do.
T So far, then, all is easy and obvious. On i
. Wednesday, however, we suddenly iind our-
, selves in the presence of an apparently hopeless
confusion and uncertainty. Up to that point
all had gone as could have been foreseen.
Austria presented her Note; Germany de-
lp clared her solidarity with Austria; Russia
publicly declared that she could not dis-
interest herself in Serbia; Germany gave the
warning that Russian mobilisation would be
followed by a war; Austria declared war
on Serbia; Russia answered by oflicially an-
nouncing her iinpending mobilisation. The j
attempts of England at mediation had been