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AND THE OUTBREAK OF WAR. 25
of war as were the military party in Germany.
However peaceiul might be the disposition
,_ of the Czar and of M. Sazonoiï, the Russian
jl Council of State was not a committee of a
Peace Association. We can be sure that there
were among it men who would not shrink
from war, and that when a crisis arose would
i even urge it on. It is one of the inevitable
results which arose from the action of Austria
that the inüuence of this party would be
, increased. Nor should I be surprised to find
[ that they speculated on the help of England
`A and believed that however much she might
desire to do so, she would not be able to
maintain neutrality in the coming struggle.
. In public, as in private life, threats necessarily
call out counter threats; a challenge is
l answered by a counter challenge ; the warlike
’ spirit in one nation awakens a similar spirit
I in another. All this is well known; it is a
' commonplace of political psychology, and this
is one of the strongest condemnations of the
original Austrian action, for anyone could
have foreseen that it would inevitably call
g up a spirit in Russia which would make any
l accommodation extremely difficult.
I will go further and confess that I have
V always been inclined to hold that the issue