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same view, although they had mobilised the
whole of their forces and knew that the Russian
Government had done the same. The two i
chief parties in the conflict were therefore
ready to negotiate; the German Government
knew of this, and they were the only Govern-
ment who knew of it. They kept the know-
ledge to themselves ; more than that, instead
of using it, they sent to Russia an ultimatum
so worded that it was impossible, under any g
circumstances, that it could have been accepted ‘
i by Russia, for it demanded from the Russian ‘
Government that they should stop their mobili­
sation, not only against Germany, but also
n against Austria, but did not include any
suggestion that the Austro-Hungarian Govern- i
i ment should also, on their part, stop their G
mobilisation or cease their military measures, i
and then refused all discussions of any kind
till an answer had been received to this Q
' ultimatum. ,
The German Chancellor says that it was
4; Russian mobilisation which made war inevitable. ;
" This view was not taken by his ally. Ger- i
Y many, who professed to be mediating, took Q
up a position more intransigent than that l
of the principal with whom she was dealing. i
It was thus not Russian mobilisation which