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118 THE GERMAN CHANCELLOR
regarding it and its final fate, for it is a
complete demonstration of the fallacy of his
statement that Russian mobilisation inevitably
brought about war.
The importance of the telegram and the
decision which it records, is indeed great.
For a whole week the united efforts of Europe
had been directed to the one single object
of persuading the Austrian Government to
accept in some form or another the idea of
mediation, either between Austria and Serbia,
or between Austria and Russia. As is well
known, all these efforts had been fruitless.
It was the continued refusal of Austria to
agree to arbitration, to mediation or to separate i
r discussions with Russia which was the sole ·
. cause of the trouble which had arisen and
which alone had driven the Russian Govern-
ment to have recourse to mobilisation. Now
at last, as the Chancellor says, owing to his
own efforts, the obstinacy of the Austrian
Government had given way, and they had ·
officially expressed their willingness that Great =
Britain should mediate between them and
Serbia. This information was conveyed to
the German Chancellor, and to him alone.
How did he deal with it? He told no one;
he kept the fact hidden in profound secrecy.
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