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êl 22 THE SEOOND YEAR OE THE WAR
ä We shall see how these lessons were
applied at Verdun and how, having been
insufiiciently learnt by the enemy, he
was defeated before Verdun under cir- l
cumstances necessarily disastrous to his l
§ cause. ,
ENEMY RESERVES.
With this month of October is reached
V a turning point in the story of the year, S
the nature of which turning point should
, be closely examined.
The Central Empires had, during the l
A whole of the summer of 1915, ample re- r
serve in every sense of that term. A
reserve of man-power which permitted
drafts to be continually reaching the
depots ; a strategic reserve, that is, units
equipped, trained, munitioned and ready
for the field, but kept back from it to be g
thrown in when occasion should. offer.
And they had, until the middle of the
summer, fallen back upon no abnormal ,
methods of recruitment. They had, in |
other words, convinced themselves that
the forces they had detachcd for merely ,
holding the Italian and the French fronts ,
· were sufficient, and that a decision could {
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