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THE HECON1) YEAR OF THE WAR 15
could be gauged by the exasperation
they caused at Berlin, when he said
that the enemy had now in the East
_ " shot his bolt." lt was a phrase exactly
{ true. The expense in men, the difüculty
i of bringing up munitionment ; the entry
into territories with worse roads and less
Q opportunities of supply ; the fact that the
line now reached and cut by the great
belt of marshes in the centre-all these
things between them brought the great
adventure to a stand. It had in four
1 months advanced over a belt of territory
i averaging 100 miles in width; it had
0 exhausted Russian munitionment; cost
, l the Russians many hundreds of thousands
of men missing as prisoners and a corre-
{ sponding proportion of wounded and of
dead. It had oost them in mechanical
l appliances little of their field artillery, but
a vast proportion of their existing rifles
and maehine guns. It was thought a
1 paradox by many when, with the opening
g of that October last, all competent judg-
{ ment affirmed that the Austro­German
l stroke had failed. Yet, if military terms
‘ have any meaning, it had failed, and that
I greai advanee with all its tactical suceesses
, was strategically a defeat. For its one