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* VI .
_ two languages has not budged and two races lived next one another, without ,
. melting into one, as little as Hungarians and Austrians did in Austria­Hungaria
or Roman and Teutonic parts of Switserland.
ïl So far there would however have existed no cause for a ,,Flemish question" to
,3 arise. In Switserland Roman Teutonic and Italian parts live peacefully and
.~ harmoniously together as each leaves other entirely free to be masters in own ··
5 house. There no attempt on side of Teutonic majority to force its language on A
iè Roman and Italian cantons. Each part of this mixed Swiss population is gover- '
f ned, taught, judged and drilled in own vernacular.
l· Not so in Belgium. From very moment of foundation kingdom in 1830, cen- `
tralising government supported by frenchspeaking part in Belgium set itself to
*­ task of frenchifying whole country in order found a state on absolute unitarian .
R basis. And as government had all advantages and power on its side, Flemish, g
ï awaking too late to design of t·heir government, found themselves subjected to
ï this policy, aiming at throttling their race an·d bringing it down to standing of ­
, an economically and mentally subject race.
;; True is said in article 23 of Belgian fundamental law: use of languages shall -
J be free. But it does not state: the Flemish shall have the same right to be · ~
gj governed, taught, judged and drilled in own language, like Walloons in their
I vernacular.
And indeed Flemish have no such right. They have not succeeded winning that
' birthright, notwithstanding, once realising what frenchifying method was aiming
i at, their movement was at work ever since 1830 to regain it for their people.
Step by step they have struggled on, spending collossal sum of time energy
money, to realise their devise: ,,In Flanders Flemish. - Flanders to the Flemish".
Sometimes they succeeded in forcing hands of their oppressors causing houses - 2
T of Parliament to vote a law on use of flemish language. But even fact that such
. laws in defense of flemish language were necessary, whereas not a single law
in defence of french was wanted, is abundant proof in itself that Flemish are `
treated in own country as second class citizens. But even w·hen passed, these :
E laws were in practice reduced to little effect possible owing to influence of ·
frenchified bureaucracy and upper ten. , 1
No working man in Flanders, having not mastered french as his mothertongue, 1
" can rise to any governmentrank in his own country. Any Walloon can rise i’
3 to governmental posts even in Flanders without understanding one word Flemish. ;
[ Population of Belgium consists of 4.400.000 Flemish and 3.000.000 Walloons. ii ·
_ System of frenchification and bastardising succeeded bringing 800.000 Flemish ,t
understand and speak french more less. Hence 3.600.000 Flemish are kept in jl 1
I own country as ,,helots" educational system does not allow them lift themselves i i
up: secundary and technical schools and all universities are practically shut to t,
g; them; no man in Flanders can take up higher education unless_first frenchifiecl. :
Q In courts justice for Flemish who do not speak french happens there are no
gl judges who can understand them. In army only very small percentage of officers
an·d army doctors can speak soldiers’ vernacular.
As far as there exists in Flanders class of people who have adopte­d french
_ as their own language, they cannot be said represent important part of popula-
I - f
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